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What are Varicose Veins and Spider Veins?

What are Varicose Veins?

Varicose veins are larger unhealthy veins that develop on the legs. Varicose veins are blue, green, or purple veins that twist and turn and bulge from below the skin. Varicose veins are often due to an underlying condition called “venous insufficiency” or “vein disease.” All varicose veins should be properly evaluated at a comprehensive vein center, like our vein clinic in long island.

Varicose veins can be caused or worsened by a number of things. Genetics is the number one cause of varicose veins; if your mother, father or anyone else in your family has varicose veins you are more likely to have this issue as well.

What are Spider Veins?

Spider veins are small, unhealthy veins that appear on the surface of the skin. Spider veins are red, blue, or purple in color, and often spread outwards from a central point like the legs on a spider.  Spider veins are technically known as “telangiactasias” in medical terminology.

Spider veins are often due to an underlying condition called “venous insufficiency.” In venous insufficiency, veins slightly deeper within the legs are not functioning properly, so there is an increase in pressure which leads to the formation of spider veins.

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Vein Disease Symptoms

Rеѕtlеѕѕ lеgѕ ѕуndrоmе (RLS)

Restless leg syndrome is a common medical condition where your legs feel jumpy, itchy, or you experience a constant desire to move. This condition can interfere with ability to go to sleep or stay asleep, with activities of daily living. 

Insomnia, chronic discomfort and anxiety can all be related to restless leg syndrome. 

Restless leg syndrome can be caused or exacerbated by inactivity, but it over due to an underlying vascular disorder such as venous insufficiency.

The most important treatment approach for restless leg syndrome is to address the underlying issue. A vein center is a good place to start since restless leg syndrome may be attributable to venous insufficiency.


Leg cramps are painful synchronous contractions of your leg muscles. They are common in both the thigh and the calf. A painful cramp in the calf is called a “charley horse.”

Leg cramps can be caused by dehydration, electrolyte imbalances, or by vascular issues. If you are drinking enough water and eat a diet with enough potassium and magnesium, consider evaluation at a vein clinic for vein disease. Vein disease, or chronic venous insufficiency, is a common cause of leg cramps. 

Leg cramps cause a sudden tight squeezing sensation, most commonly in the calf. Cramps that are worse at night and even wake you from sleep are typical for vascular disorders. 


Leg heaviness can be due to multiple different causes, but the most common cause is chronic venous insufficiency, a circulatory disorder of the veins in the legs. Leg heaviness due to vein disease tends to be worse with prolonged sitting or standing. Exercise usually improves symptoms, and heat makes them worse.

If you have noticed leg heaviness at the end of the day, particularly if you have visible spider and varicose veins on the surface of the skin, consider seeing a qualified vein doctor to be evaluated for venous insufficiency.


Leg swelling can be due to a number of underlying causes. High salt intake can cause temporary swelling. A number of chronic medical conditions, including heart failure and kidney failure, can cause leg swelling as well. More common and benign conditions, including venous insufficiency, or vein disease, can cause mild swelling in a large number of people.  If you have leg swelling that is worse at the end of the day, or that improves with leg elevation, consider evaluation at an accredited vein center. 

Leg swelling can be associated with a sense of discomfort and tightness. In addition, leg swelling can lead to chronic skin discoloration (called hyperpigmentation) and hair loss. 

Are you experiencing painful or uncomfortable vein disease symptoms?

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Causes of Vein Disease

Causes of Spider and Varicose Veins

Spider veins are caused primarily by genetics – if mom or dad has spider veins, you are more likely to have them. In addition being a female, pregnancies and weight gain can play a role. Finally, having a job where you are stuck sitting or standing for long periods of time can lead to the development of spider veins. It’s important to have your spider veins evaluated at an accredited vein center like our vein clinic in Long Island, where we can check for venous insufficiency.

Varicose veins can be caused or worsened by a number of things. Genetics is the number one cause of varicose veins; if your mother, father or anyone else in your family has varicose veins you are more likely to have this issue as well. A job where you stand or sit for long periods of time can cause varicose veins to form. Finally, if you are female you are at slightly higher risk for varicose veins and pregnancy, birth control, and hormone therapy can all increase the risk of varicose veins developing over time.

What is venous insufficiency?

Venous insufficiency is an extremely common medical condition. Within the legs, veins carry blood back to the heart. The veins have a series of small one-way doors called valves. These valves open, allowing blood to flow towards the heart, then close, preventing the blood from falling back down to the feet with gravity. Over time, the valves may become damaged, and blood can fall back down in the wrong direction. This leads to increased pressure and the formation of spider veins and varicose veins as well as symptoms including cramps, heaviness, achiness and discomfort. Venous insufficiency is also known as “vein disease.” 



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Is a Mеdісаrе-apprоvеd, minimally invаѕіvе tесhnіquе for eliminating unhealthy veins.

Iѕ one of several technologies used to treat vein disease, аlѕо knоwn as Chrоnіс Venous Insufficiency.

Is the latest endovascular treatment for Vein Disease & Chronic Venous Insufficiency. 

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